Opposition in Turkey seeks to counter Erdoğan's influence in local elections

Fractured by Erdoğan's triumph in the 2023 general elections, Turkey's opposition seeks to make a comeback in Sunday's local elections, where the fate of its foremost contender, Istanbul Mayor Ekrem İmamoğlu, hangs in the balance.


Bruised and fractured by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's victory in 2023 general elections, Turkey's opposition aims to land a blow in Sunday's local polls, with the future of its biggest hope, Istanbul Mayor Ekrem İmamoğlu, tied to the outcome.

The nationwide municipal votes on March 31 could reinforce President Erdoğan's control after two decades running Turkey, or signal change in the NATO member's deeply divided political landscape.

The results are likely to be shaped in part by economic woes driven by rampant inflation, and by Kurdish and Islamist voters weighing up the government's performance and their hopes for political change.

Opposition hopes of transformation were fueled by local election results in 2019 when they defeated Erdoğan's Justice and Development Party (AKP) in the main two cities, Istanbul and Ankara, which had been run by the AKP and its Islamist predecessors for 25 years.

But Erdoğan bounced back last year, retaining the presidency and winning a parliamentary majority with nationalist allies despite voters' concerns about a cost-of-living crisis. In response, a broad opposition alliance splintered.

Polls show İmamoğlu and the AKP candidate, former minister Murat Kurum, in a close race in Istanbul, a city of 16 million, where Erdoğan made his name as mayor in the 1990s. The incumbent opposition mayor leads in the capital Ankara.

President Erdoğan and Kurum, mayoral candidate of his ruling (AKP), hold hands during a rally ahead of the local elections in Istanbul, March 24. REUTERS/Umit Bektas

Erdoğan has been seeking a bigger role for Turkey on the world stage and sought to repair frayed ties with many nations in recent years, including in the Middle East. But during campaigning he said Turks should vote for the AKP to defend against unspecified enemies.

"Those who cannot stomach Turkey's increasing power in the region and world, or its principled and fair stance, are currently waiting in ambush," he said on Monday at a rally in the northern province of Tokat.

"In 2019 when Erdoğan and AKP lost Istanbul, it was a big blow and it was a scratch on Erdoğan's reputation. Up until then he was unbeatable, invincible," said Yetkin Report analyst Murat Yetkin, describing a win in Istanbul as vital for Erdoğan.

"If he does so, that means that he will be able to extend and endorse his power to local administrations," he said, with analysts saying Erdoğan may then bid to change the constitution to enable him to stand as president again in 2028.

Istanbul's Mayor İmamoğlu speaks during a rally ahead of the local elections in Istanbul, March 27. REUTERS/Dilara Senkaya

An İmamoğlu victory would however revitalize the opposition, said political analyst Berk Esen of Sabanci University.

"If the opposition candidate can win in Istanbul then at least the main opposition party will be able to gain sufficient strength to challenge Erdoğan in the coming years," he said.

It was a message that İmamoğlu sought to convey.

"Turkey's destiny is in your hands," İmamoğlu said in an appeal to young Turks in Istanbul. "You can change what is going wrong in Turkey with one vote."

Critics say Erdoğan's government has muzzled dissent, eroded human rights and brought the judiciary and other state institutions under its sway, an accusation denied by officials.

"The playing field is tilted in favor of the ruling alliance," said Esen. "İmamoğlu is basically fighting alone."

Pro-government media give blanket coverage to Erdoğan's daily rallies, with coverage of opposition campaigning limited.


Erdoğan's prospects appear to have been dented by a rise in support for the Islamist New Welfare Party (YRP) due to its hardline stance against Israel over the Gaza conflict and dissatisfaction with the Islamist-rooted AKP's handling of the economy.

Erdoğan's rhetoric against Israel has been harsh but Ankara has maintained commercial ties with Israel, drawing criticism from YRP, which has tapped into anger among Turks who want the government to be more active in supporting Palestinians.

Mehmet Altınöz, mayoral candidate of the Islamist YRP speaks during a rally ahead of the local elections in Istanbul, March 24. REUTERS/Dilara Senkaya

"If we, the YRP, were in power, Israel would not be able to attack Gaza," the party's deputy leader Mehmet Altınoz told Reuters, calling for a trade embargo on Israel.

Polls indicate YRP's support may have doubled to some 5%, eating into votes that may otherwise have gone to the AKP.

"They have a more radical, anti-Israeli stance and this makes them popular among radical Islamists," said Yetkin.

Erdoğan's prospects of winning back Istanbul may also depend on Kurdish voters, many of whom are expected to put aside party loyalty and back İmamoğlu, according to pollsters.

For other voters, the local elections offer an opportunity to give their verdict on the government's economic performance.

Turks have been struggling with soaring prices for years, with annual inflation still near 70% despite a major U-turn in economic policy after last year's elections that lifted the key interest rate a massive 4,150 basis points to 50%.

While the economy may be a key factor influencing voters nationwide, the focus of attention will be on Istanbul and the message it gives on the direction that Turkey is taking.

"If he loses this election, the legend of Ekrem İmamoğlu would be in great trouble," said MAK Research head Mehmet Ali Kulat. But victory for him will change the picture.

"İmamoğlu would become an important actor in Turkish politics for the next 20 years and very likely be a candidate in the next presidential election."