Turkey's Central Bank has become the largest gold purchaser in the world in January and February of this year, with 41 tons of gold. Turkey was followed by Russia (19 tons), the United Arab Emirates (5.9 tons), Kazakhstan (2.8 tons) and Mongolia (1 ton).
Turkey’s Central Bank lowered its key interest rate by 100 basis points to 9.75 percent and announced a series of measures to boost liquidity to counter the impact of coronavirus.
The Turkish Central Bank has announced its foreign currency reserves declined by $2.45 billion to $73.19 billion in the week ending on Feb. 21. State banks buying liras and selling dollars in an apparent attempt to prop up Turkey’s currency is seen by many investors as a reason for a gradual drain on the Central Bank’s foreign currency reserves in recent months.
International credit rating giant Moody's warned Turkey that negative real interest rates could hurt the Turkish Central Bank's credibility and lower investors' trust. The practice of having interest rates on loans that are lower than the inflation rate, negative real interest rates make Turkey more hazardous rather than risk-averse for investors, Moody's added.
Governments across the world are starting to use more fiscal firepower to boost economies as the coronavirus outbreak is taking a toll on the global economy. Also, central banks across the world have announced that they are “closely monitoring” the risk from the coronavirus outbreak, as investors increasingly expect the Fed to lower interest rates by 25 basis points next month.
Turkey's current account balance posted a deficit of $2.8 billion in December 2019, the Turkish Central Bank said on Feb. 14. Official data showed that the figure widened by $1.7 billion from same month the previous year.
The total amount of Turkish lira held in bank accounts in Turkey reached the 1.2 trillion TL mark, while accounts denominated for foreign currency held $224.7 billion, according to recent Central Bank figures pertaining to the week ending on January 31. The amount of consumer credit stood at 460.5 billion TL, while the amount of installment commercial loans totaled 379.5 billion TL. More than a third of the consumer credit, 188.8 billion TL, pertained to mortgage and housing loans.