Duvar English - Reuters
Turkey and its Western allies climbed down from a full-blown diplomatic crisis on Oct. 25 after foreign embassies said that they abide by diplomatic conventions on non-interference, averting a threatened expulsion of 10 ambassadors.
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who said at the weekend he had ordered the envoys to be declared "persona non grata" for seeking the release of a jailed philanthropist, told a news conference they had stepped back and would be more careful.
"Our goal is never to create crises, it is to protect the rights, laws, honor and sovereignty of our country," Erdoğan said in a televised address after chairing a Cabinet meeting.
"With a new statement made by the same embassies today, a step back was taken from this slander against our country and our nation. I believe these ambassadors ... will be more careful in their statements regarding Turkey's sovereign rights."
The ambassadors, including the United States envoy, had called on authorities last week to free Osman Kavala, a philanthropist detained for four years on charges of financing protests and involvement in an attempted coup. He denies the charges.
The public appeal infuriated Ankara, which said the diplomats - also from Germany, France, Canada, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland - were interfering in Turkey's internal affairs.
As Erdoğan convened his ministers on Oct. 25 afternoon for a session which could have confirmed the expulsions and triggered the deepest rift with the West in his 19 years in power, several embassies put out a brief statement.
"The United States notes that it maintains compliance with Article 41 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations," the U.S. Embassy said on Twitter.
The other nine embassies - Germany, France, Canada, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland - published similar messages or retweeted the U.S. message.
A Turkish version of the U.S. statement said the embassy "confirms" compliance with the convention, which some observers said could be read to suggest that the embassies were pledging future compliance.
"Diplomatic missions continuing their work by abiding by this principle will always be welcomed in terms of improving ties between their countries and ours," Ömer Çelik, spokesman for Erdoğan's ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), said of the Vienna Convention article cited by the embassies.
In response, the Turkish lira rallied after earlier hitting an all-time low of 9.85 to the U.S. dollar, and was at 9.6075 at 1719 GMT. It has lost almost a quarter of its value this year.
The 10 ambassadors represent NATO allies, trade partners and members of the European Union, which Turkey aspires to join despite widening differences with the bloc.
Ünal Çeviköz, a main opposition Republican People's Party (CHP) lawmaker and former Turkish ambassador, said on Twitter: "It is understood that efforts to prevent the 10 ambassadors being declared 'persona non grata' have yielded results. The success of diplomacy was seen once again."
Adding to investor concerns
Kavala, a businessman and contributor to civil society groups, is charged with financing nationwide protests in 2013 and involvement in a failed coup in 2016. He has been held in detention while his trial continues.
Rights groups say his case is emblematic of a crackdown on dissent under Erdoğan. Kavala said on Oct. 22 he would no longer attend his trial, as a fair hearing was impossible after recent comments by the president.
The diplomatic tension has added to investor concerns about Turkey's economy after the central bank, under pressure from Erdoğan to support growth, unexpectedly slashed interest rates by 200 points last week despite inflation rising to nearly 20%.
The 10 envoys were summoned by the foreign ministry last week after calling for a just and speedy resolution to Kavala's case, and for his "urgent release."
Parliament Speaker Mustafa Şentop said earlier on Oct. 25 that Turkey's constitution banned discussion of active court cases, including by Turkish politicians in parliament, and that the envoys' statement marked a "clear and disrespectful" interference.
The European Court of Human Rights called for Kavala's release two years ago, saying there was no reasonable suspicion he had committed an offense and finding his detention had been intended to silence him.