Turkey's lira weakened by as much as 2% on Dec. 28, extending sharp losses seen a day earlier and eroding massive gains made last week, as worries about the country's monetary policy weighed on sentiment.
By 1125 GMT, the lira pared its losses to trade at 11.8 against the dollar, off a morning low of 11.949. Despite last week's rebound, it has lost 37% of its value against the U.S. currency so far this year.
The lira surged more than 50% last week following billions of dollars worth of state-backed market interventions and a government move to cover FX losses on certain deposits, bringing the currency back to its mid-November levels.
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan announced last week an incentive for savers to convert forex deposits into lira, under which the Treasury and Central Bank will reimburse losses incurred due to an erosion in lira value during the deposit period. read more
According to a central bank document sent to banks on Dec. 27, it will support these forex-protected lira deposit accounts by not applying required reserve ratios on them. It will impose a higher commission on banks when the transfer from forex accounts to lira accounts does not exceed a certain level.
The lira hit an all-time low of 18.4 to the dollar before Erdoğan's announcement, after a months-long slide prompted by fears of spiraling inflation following a series of interest rate cuts that the president had sought.
Sovereign dollar-denominated bonds came under pressure on Dec. 28 with many issues snapping multi-day winning streaks in thin trade and the 2030 bond slipping more than 1 cent in the dollar, Tradeweb data showed.
Central bank's forex reserves fell $8 billion last week
Annual Turkish inflation is forecast to have hit 30.6% in December, a Reuters poll found, breaching the 30% level for the first time since May 2003 - six months after Erdoğan's AK Party first came to power.
In December alone prices are expected to have surged 9%, the poll showed, with the affect of lira weakness likely to be felt in the coming month too.
"Inflation could follow a rising trend with the delayed impact of the FX rates after January," said Gedik Yatırım economist Serkan Gönençler. The December data will be released on Jan. 3.
According to traders' calculations, the central bank's net forex reserves, excluding swaps, fell some $8 billion last week, with most of the fall in the first two days of the week. They were down $17-$18 billion as of Dec. 24 since the start of the month, when the bank began its direct interventions.
However, Finance Minister Nureddin Nebati denied late on Dec. 27 that there had been any dollar-selling by institutions the night that Erdoğan made his announcement.
"There were no interventions that night, neither from public banks or anyone," Nebati said in an interview. "Individuals raced that night to sell their dollars, thanks to the confidence created by our President Erdoğan."
Turks did not sell dollars in large quantities on Dec. 20 and 21, according to official data that suggested they had played little role in the gains.
The central bank has cut its policy rates by 500 basis points to 14% since September, despite inflation rising to more than 21% in November.
The main Istanbul share index (.XU100) dipped 0.7%.