Duvar English – Reuters
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said on Dec. 25 that Turkey would like to have better ties with Israel, but criticized Israeli policy toward Palestinians as "unacceptable" and a "red line" for Ankara, adding that intelligence talks resumed between the two sides.
“Our relations with Israel on intelligence have not ceased anyway, they are still continuing,” Erdoğan said.
The two countries have had a bitter falling out in recent years, despite strong commercial ties, expelling ambassadors in 2018. Ankara has repeatedly condemned Israel's occupation in the West Bank and its treatment of Palestinians.
Speaking to reporters after Friday prayers in Istanbul, Erdoğan said Turkey had issues with "people at the top level" in Israel and that ties could have been "very different" if it were not for those issues.
"The Palestine policy is our red line. It is impossible for us to accept Israel's Palestine policies. Their merciless acts there are unacceptable," Erdoğan said.
"If there were no issues at the top level, our ties could have been very different," he added. "We would like to bring our ties to a better point."
Erdoğan's remarks came amid reports that Azerbaijan’s President Ilham Aliyev has offered his services as an intermediary between Turkey and Israel, after both countries played key roles in Azerbaijan’s recent victory over Armenia in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
Aliyev phoned Erdoğan this week and suggested various ways to improve diplomatic relations between Turkey and Israel, outlet Walla News reported, citing Israeli sources with knowledge on the matter.
Turkey and Israel, former allies, expelled each other's top diplomats in 2018 over clashes when dozens of Palestinians were killed by Israeli forces on the Gaza border. Ankara and Tel Aviv continue to trade with one another.
In August, Israel accused Turkey of giving passports to a dozen Hamas members in Istanbul, describing the move as "a very unfriendly step" which his government would raise with Turkish officials.
Hamas seized Gaza from forces loyal to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas in 2007, and the group has fought three wars with Israel since then. Turkey says Hamas is a legitimate political movement that was elected democratically.
Israel, which has formalised ties with four Muslim countries this year, said on Dec. 23 it was working towards normalising ties with a fifth Muslim nation, possibly in Asia. Tunisia said on Dec. 22 it did not intend to normalise ties.
Ankara has slammed the U.S.-brokered rapprochements between Israel and the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Sudan and Morocco, with Erdoğan previously threatening to suspend diplomatic ties with the UAE and withdraw its envoy. It also slammed Bahrain's decision to formalise ties as a blow to efforts to defend the Palestinian cause.
Palestinians have censured the U.S.-brokered deals, seeing a betrayal of a long-standing demand that Israel first meet their statehood demand. Egypt and Israel established full relations in 1979 and Jordan in 1994.
Israel will hold a snap election in March after parliament failed on Dec. 22 to meet a deadline to pass a budget.