Greece and Egypt signed an agreement on Aug. 6 that sets the sea boundary between the two countries and demarcates an exclusive economic zone for oil and gas drilling rights. The agreement is a response to a similar deal between Turkey and the internationally recognized government of Libya last year. Turkey said that it considers the agreement null and void, adding that the deal also violated Libya's maritime rights.
COVID-19 confirmed what I have always known and experienced - that even among white, middle-class families, household and childcare chores are hopelessly lopsided. While the “modern man” undertakes some of the chores, what he mostly takes over is either considered in line with male roles.
A good start is not often times sign of a good finish. “Start as a Turk, finish as a German” the saying goes around here. One outcome may well be a de facto or Sudanese style de jure partitioning of Libya –what with Turkey finding itself left with the dry end.
The Blue Homeland doctrine is a product of Kemalist maritime officers. The nationalists realized that allying with Erdoğan would bring crucial advantages, such as using the radical Islamists as a proxy back and forth in Syria and in Libya, and forging military ties with Qatar and Somalia.
Even though Sisi always said they would not just watch Turkey increase its involvement, it was believed that he would avoid a military adventure. The major fear of Sisi is that in the event that Islamist forces win in Libya, there is a possibility that Muslim Brotherhood, which he toppled in a 2013 coup, may have the chance to take revenge.
French President Emmanuel Macron said on June 22 that Turkey is playing "a dangerous game" in Libya as France sees Ankara as an obstacle to securing a cease-fire in the conflict-torn country.
Turkey has blasted Greece, Greek Cyprus, Egypt, France and the United Arab Emirates after these countries issued a joint declaration denouncing Ankara’s policies in the eastern Mediterranean and Libya. In a strongly-worded statement, Turkish Foreign Ministry spokesman Hami Aksoy said these five countries were pursuing “regional chaos and instability” in the eastern Mediterranean and sacrificing Libyans’ “hope for democracy for the reckless aggression of dictators.”
Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak has died at the age of 91 after undergoing treatment in an intensive care unit following surgery, state television said on Feb. 25. Many Egyptians who lived through Mubarak’s time in power view it as a period of autocracy and crony capitalism. His overthrow led to Egypt’s first free election, which brought in Islamist President Mohamed Mursi.
The German economy ministry said in its answer to a recent parliamentary question that the government has authorized arms exports to Turkey, Qatar, the UAE and Egypt worth 4.3 million euros during the period of Jan. 1 – Feb. 4. The Left Party’s ("Die Linke") MP Sevim Dağdelen has criticized Germany's move, saying: “Arms exports to countries involved in the Libya war should completely end.”
Egypt's Islamic authority Dar Al Ifta has said TV shows “Resurrection: Ertuğrul” and “Valley of the Wolves” are “wretched,” and that the Turkish productions aim to further President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan's dream of reviving the Ottoman Empire. “Erdoğan will not fail to actualize his dream ... through soft power, through cultural and artistic works. The best evidence of this is the series ‘Valley of the Wolves’ and the series ‘Resurrection: Ertuğrul,’” said the fatwa.