Greek Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi and Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis on Oct. 21 condemned Turkey for "violating international law" during one-day regional summit. Turkish Foreign Ministry rejected the "baseless" allegations a day later, saying that Ankara will continue to protect "our rights and the Turkish Cypriots' rights with determination."
Turkey and Greece have agreed to resume talks over their contested maritime claims in the eastern Mediterranean after a four year hiatus. Ömer Çelik, spokesman for Erdoğan's ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), said preparations for the resumption of talks were under way and that the two sides were working on the parameters.
Turkey had its debt rating cut deeper into junk by Moody’s Investors Service, as President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan dismissed credit agency ratings. The sovereign credit rating was cut to B2, five levels below investment grade and on par with Egypt, Jamaica and Rwanda, Bloomberg reported. “Do what you want to do, your ratings are of no importance," Erdoğan said in response.
Turkey said it will hold a military exercise off northwest Cyprus for the next two weeks, amid growing tension with Greece over disputed claims to exploration rights in the east Mediterranean. The European Union's top diplomat said on Aug. 28 the bloc was preparing sanctions against Turkey that could be discussed at a summit in late September in response to Ankara's standoff with EU member Greece.
Greek lawmakers on Aug. 27 ratified a maritime agreement with Egypt on boundaries in the Eastern Mediterranean. Greek government spokesman Stelios Petsas said "their ratification is urgent" given "Turkey's illegal activities."
Turkey is considering closing its embassy in Abu Dhabi and suspending diplomatic ties with the United Arab Emirates over its accord to normalize ties with Israel, President Tayyip Erdogan said on Aug. 14. The deal makes UAE the third Arab country to establish full relations with Israel, after Egypt in 1979 and Jordan in 1994.
France has called for a thorough examination of the killing of two Iraqi officers in a Turkish drone strike in northern Iraq. French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian urged "respect to Iraq's sovereignty" on Aug. 13. A top Iraqi official, meanwhile, said that they have the military capability to repel foreign attacks on Iraqi soil.
Greek experts and politicians critical of the government have said that Athens has made a mistake with regards to the timing of the maritime deal that it struck with Egypt last week. They also accused Mitsotakis government of pursuing a “maximalist” and “very strict policy” in the Aegean and East Mediterranean.
Greece and Egypt signed an agreement on Aug. 6 that sets the sea boundary between the two countries and demarcates an exclusive economic zone for oil and gas drilling rights. The agreement is a response to a similar deal between Turkey and the internationally recognized government of Libya last year. Turkey said that it considers the agreement null and void, adding that the deal also violated Libya's maritime rights.
COVID-19 confirmed what I have always known and experienced - that even among white, middle-class families, household and childcare chores are hopelessly lopsided. While the “modern man” undertakes some of the chores, what he mostly takes over is either considered in line with male roles.
A good start is not often times sign of a good finish. “Start as a Turk, finish as a German” the saying goes around here. One outcome may well be a de facto or Sudanese style de jure partitioning of Libya –what with Turkey finding itself left with the dry end.
The Blue Homeland doctrine is a product of Kemalist maritime officers. The nationalists realized that allying with Erdoğan would bring crucial advantages, such as using the radical Islamists as a proxy back and forth in Syria and in Libya, and forging military ties with Qatar and Somalia.
Even though Sisi always said they would not just watch Turkey increase its involvement, it was believed that he would avoid a military adventure. The major fear of Sisi is that in the event that Islamist forces win in Libya, there is a possibility that Muslim Brotherhood, which he toppled in a 2013 coup, may have the chance to take revenge.
French President Emmanuel Macron said on June 22 that Turkey is playing "a dangerous game" in Libya as France sees Ankara as an obstacle to securing a cease-fire in the conflict-torn country.
Turkey has blasted Greece, Greek Cyprus, Egypt, France and the United Arab Emirates after these countries issued a joint declaration denouncing Ankara’s policies in the eastern Mediterranean and Libya. In a strongly-worded statement, Turkish Foreign Ministry spokesman Hami Aksoy said these five countries were pursuing “regional chaos and instability” in the eastern Mediterranean and sacrificing Libyans’ “hope for democracy for the reckless aggression of dictators.”