Turkey's economy shrank by 9.9 percent between April and June compared to the same period last year, Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK) reported on Aug. 31. While less precipitous than expected, the drop in gross domestic product (GDP) was still historic compared to the first quarter at a seasonally and calendar-adjusted 11.0 percent, according to TÜİK.
The trend in that started just before the presidential elections in 2018 and accelerated after the elections changed the chemistry of the economy in Turkey. Private sector in Turkey was restricted in every aspect. From pricing to sourcing, to investment licenses, all regulatory higher bodies worked to make the entrepreneurs feel that ‘the party state’ was watching them at every step.
The IMF has released an update of its World Economic Outlook, in which it projected the global economy contracting by 4.9 percent in 2020, a downward revision from its April forecast of a 3 percent contraction. As for Turkey, the organization has not changed its projection of 5 percent contraction in GDP.
Turkey’s military spending in 2019 increased to $20.4 billion, a 86 percent rise compared to 2010, according to an annual report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Turkey is 16th in the report’s military expenditure rankings, with a world share of 1.1 percent.
Douglas Winslow from Fitch said that Turkey's economy will catch up with its sustainable trend of growth next year. "In the first quarter of this year economic growth had accelerated to above 6%. We now anticipate a very sharp contraction in the second quarter, flatter growth in the third quarter and then recovery in the fourth quarter, as activities begin to normalize after the partial lockdown," he said.